As the name suggests, these cards are read when they come in contact with the reader. These smart cards are embedded with a chip with a microprocessor and memory or only with memory. Used in: network security, access control, e-commerce, electronic cash etc.
These cards work on Radio Frequency technology. These have an antenna inside to be read and a chip to store data. The RFID cards are contactless and can be read from a distance. These are extensively used in various identification and authentication applications.
The hybrid cards have more than two technologies embedded inside a single smart card. These cards use any two of the below mentioned types of smart cards in a single chip. Some applications of smart card require more than two technologies like the proximity card and the Mifare card integrated in a single chip.
Proximity cards are contactless cards with an antenna embedded inside. These are read-only cards and the information on these cards cannot be manipulated. These cards work on RFID technology and are used for access control, identification and security.
MIFARE® cards these contactless smart cards are ISO/ IEC 14443 compliant, operate on 13.56 MHz frequency. MIFARE® cards are used in various applications for the purpose of identification and authentication, some of which are: Access management, students’ smart ID cards.
RFID card are frequently used as personal identifiers in personnel management or access control systems. This is a version of the popular ISO format identity card equipped with a UHF RFID transponder conforming to the EPC Global class 1 Gen 2 specifications. These cards offer worldwide operation in UHF 860-960 MHz bands. UHF cards are targeted for the e-identity market bringing a long range communication distance together with stringent durability criteria.